Sickle Cell Disease – Access & Reimbursement – Detailed, Expanded Analysis (US)

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a rare genetic blood disorder characterized by polymerization of hemoglobin in red blood cells that distorts them into a sickle shape. This sickling leads to various complications, including painful VOCs. While hydroxyurea—often in combination with prophylactic penicillin, analgesics, and/or blood transfusions—has been the standard of care for SCD, the FDA’s approval of Emmaus Life Sciences’ Endari (L-glutamine), Global Blood Therapeutics / Pfizer’s Oxbryta (voxelotor), and Novartis’s Adakveo (crizanlizumab) has provided patients with targeted treatment options. Moreover, gene therapies from Bluebird Bio (lovotibeglogene autotemcel [lovo-cel]) and Vertex / CRISPR Therapeutics (exagamglogene autotemcel [exa-cel]) are on the horizon, offering curative potential for SCD. Additionally, two emerging symptomatic therapies—inclacumab, a human MAb P-selectin inhibitor, and GBT021601, a next-generation hemoglobin S polymerization inhibitor, both from Global Blood Therapeutics / Pfizer—are likely to be efficacious targeted symptomatic treatments for SCD patients. This report explores the views and policies that physicians and payers have regarding approved SCD therapies and assesses hematologists’ expectations for and potential usage patterns of emerging gene and symptomatic therapies in the context of payers’ receptivity to and potential market access decisions regarding such treatments.


  • What is the current state of coverage of therapies approved to treat SCD in the United States? What restrictions do payers impose, and how do market access dynamics influence surveyed hematologists’ prescribing?
  • What kinds of price concessions and clinical data do payers want to see to favorably cover the emerging gene therapies lovo-cel and exa-cel and the emerging symptomatic therapies inclacumab and GBT021601 for SCD?
  • How receptive are physicians to emerging gene and symptomatic therapies for SCD? What clinical and nonclinical factors will drive the use of these therapies, and what payer controls will constrain their prescribing of these therapies?


Geography: United States

Primary Research: Survey of 100 U.S. hematologists. Survey of 31 U.S. managed care organization (MCO) pharmacy and medical directors (PDs/MDs).

Key Drugs Covered: Adakveo (crizanlizumab), Endari (L-glutamine), Oxbryta (voxelotor), lovotibeglogene autotemcel (lovo-cel), exagamglogene autotemcel (exa-cel), inclacumab, GBT021601.


U.S. Access & Reimbursement provides integrated brand- and disease-level insight on reimbursement dynamics and the impact of U.S. payer policy on physician prescribing behavior in the market access environment. Each report includes up-to-date analyses of drug coverage and restriction policies as well as payer and prescriber perspectives on key marketed drugs and their receptivity to emerging therapies.

launch Related Market Assessment Reports