Peer review plays a critical role in research integrity and quality; however, the exponential growth of published output in recent years has placed immense pressure on publishers and reviewers. In this environment, we are witnessing a rise in fraudulent practices, such as fake peer review. Greater transparency and openness in scholarly publishing can help prevent the continued rise of these practices.
One proposed solution for upholding research integrity is the transparent peer review model (sometimes also referred to as open peer review), which involves publishing peer review content and histories. Reviewers, editors, and authors dedicate a significant amount of time and energy to improving research through peer review, and readers can use that rich content to develop a better understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of research. Transparent peer review has seen a large growth in journal adoption in recent years. So, what can we expect for open and transparent peer review and the future of scholarly publishing?
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