This past Sunday (March 22, 2020) was World Water Day 2020, a day to reflect about water and climate change and how the two are inextricably linked. Climate change will affect water sources, and using water more efficiently can help to reduce greenhouse gases.
Following a successful engagement with Derwent™, a Clarivate Analytics company, to assess innovation intensity within the water sector, Future Water Association (FWA) presented data-driven, industry changing recommendations to an influential audience at its “Transformation of the Water Sector” event held at the Institution of Civil Engineers headquarters in London on Thursday, January 30, 2020.
FWA engaged Derwent in response to the recent demand from Ofwat, the United Kingdom’s economic regulator of the water industry , that water companies drive transformational change..
Ofwat is requiring ‘transformational change’ to respond to the urgency of pressures facing the industry. For example, PwC, a leading industry commentator, has identified several pressures to innovate, including market forces, changing weather patterns and national expectations, as new ‘smart’ technologies, including digitization emerge.
Measuring research innovation
The United Kingdom water industry has always aspired to be at the forefront of innovation but there was little data to prove its position. The Derwent engagement set out to address this.
A provisional look at scientific publication data suggests that the United Kingdom does play a leading role in original idea creation (see table 1).
|Country/region||Scientific publications (1996-2018)
“water science and technology”
Table 1. Scientific publications in “water science and technology.”
Source: Web of Science, from Clarivate Analytics
While scientific publications demonstrate fundamental research, the more interesting question is how many of these ideas translate into industrial application with the funding behind them to generate commercial returns on the R&D investment, so the Derwent team turned to look at patent data.
Patent analysis reveals Mainland China’s leadership in waste water management innovation
Using the Derwent World Patents Index™ (DWPI), the world’s most comprehensive database of enhanced patent information, structured by inventions and our proprietary scoring methodologies, the Derwent team demonstrated that the United Kingdom produces a high quality portfolio of inventions when it came to established technologies in “waste water management” (see Chart 1).
Chart 1. Quality score by country/region portfolio in the field of “waste water management.”
However, the U.K. and other major global economies do not hold a similar position when analyzing volume and growth of inventions. As demonstrated in Chart 2, the Derwent team’s analysis of patented inventions from 2006 to 2018 in the field of waste water management revealed:
- the small contribution of inventions made by the U.K.;
- the large contribution of inventions made by Mainland China (69% of all waste water management inventions since 2006 originated from Mainland China); and
- the ineffective competition against Mainland China made by the rest of the world, including major economies such as the U.S., Japan and South Korea.
Chart 2. Patented inventions from 2006 – 2018 in the field of “Waste Water Management.”
Mainland China continues its lead in smart technologies
So, if the U.K. and other major economies are not focused on established technologies in waste water management, perhaps they have switched their focus to the key smart technologies that PwC highlighted? Because digitization is a core innovation theme across many sectors, including the water sector (it’s the interface between the “hi-tech” and “water” sectors), the Derwent team examined “remote sensing” inventions relating to water.
When analyzing remote sensing inventions related to water, analysis of the Derwent data shows that Mainland China holds an even more commanding lead, originating 78% of all inventions in this field (see Chart 3). While many will be quick to point out that perhaps not all of those inventions are defended by high quality patents and that many are presently only filed in Mainland China, as shown in Chart 1, the data nevertheless demonstrates that Mainland China does generate many very high quality, internationally reaching patent protected inventions.
Chart 3. Inventions in water-related remote sensing since 2006.
The findings show that while the U.K. is conducting a fantastic job of enablement, it is failing to convert primary research into commercially rewarding and legally protected assets. The commercial rewards, if obtained correctly, could provide for reinvestment into future technologies.
The information needed to deliver data-driven, industry changing recommendations
Armed with these and more insights from Derwent, FWA held an event to raise these insights to the leading innovators within the U.K. water sector, with presentations by Paul Horton (CEO, FWA), Douglas Gordon (Strategic Insights Manager, Clarivate Analytics), Baroness McIntosh (Co-Chair, All Party Parliamentary Water Group) and David Black (Senior Director, Ofwat).
Douglas Gordon (Strategic Insights Manager, Clarivate Analytics) and Baroness McIntosh (Co-Chair APPG Water) presenting at FWA’s event.
FWA’s recommendations included:
- The U.K. water industry, supported by the government, should use patent analytics to undertake a detailed review of the water sector, focusing on the U.K. and comparing its track record internationally and to the oil and gas sector.
- The U.K. government, through the water industry regulator Ofwat should set a regulatory target linked to patent activity as one of the innovation metrics.
- An organization should be established to strengthen IP protection and act as a catalyst for innovation uptake in the U.K. water industry. This organization would manage the IP where this is of common interest to the sector, while also benefitting those developing the ideas.
- The government, with Ofwat and the water utilities, should develop a ‘sector-wide’ innovation strategy that all stakeholders sign up to (academia, water companies, supply chain, etc.), around which innovations can be formalized.
Between the evidence produced, FWA’s recommendations and the strong engagement at the event, there is the possibility to change how the U.K. water sector approaches innovation at governmental, regulatory and collaborative levels.
Derwent, a Clarivate Analytics company, powers the innovation lifecycle from idea to commercialization – with trusted patent data, applications and services including Derwent Innovation™, Derwent World Patents Index™, Derwent Patents Citation Index™ and Derwent Data Analyzer™. We build solutions for inventors, patent attorneys and licensing specialists at start-ups and the largest global innovators, legal professionals at the leading intellectual property practices, and patent examiners at more than 40 patent offices. Our solutions are used to monitor technology trends and competitive landscapes, inform FTO opinions, prosecute patents, monetize and license assets and support litigation activities. For more information, please visit derwent.com.
About Future Water Association
Future Water Association aims to be the voice in the water sector, supporting members, driving innovation and inspiring new ways of collaboration among companies and across the industry. We are an Association that prides itself on being a modern, innovative organisation, that is ambitious, forward looking and leading creative thinking across the sector.