Africa

Understanding the HIV challenge in South Africa

The quest to reduce the HIV burden in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) involves a multi-faceted and multi-disciplinary approach. While detailed understanding of the pathogenesis, virology, immunology and epidemiology as it relates to HIV/AIDS is crucial, ways to curb the disease require constant attention and innovation, as do the socio-economic implications. Working in partnership is critical, given […]

The contribution of Type 2 diabetes to the disease burden in South Africa

In South Africa, 1,826,100 cases of diabetes were reported in 2017, corresponding to a prevalence of 5.4%. Overall, numbers are reported to be increasing over time. Diabetes also ranked high among the top 10 leading natural causes of death, accounting for 5.4% of deaths (year 2015). Approximately 14% of ischemic heart disease, 10% of stroke, […]

The largest-ever listeria outbreak is occurring in South Africa: What is the source?

Current status An outbreak of listeria was declared in South Africa on Dec. 5, 2017. As of Jan. 17, 2018, up to 748 confirmed cases of listeriosis have been reported in the country, making it the world’s largest-ever listeria outbreak. Emerging as a simple flu-like illness, listeriosis may cause diarrhea, fever, general body pains, vomiting […]

The latest plague outbreak in Sub-Saharan Africa

There is currently an outbreak of both pneumonic and bubonic plague in Madagascar. This crisis situation was the focus of a November 6 report affirming the countrywide spread of the plague epidemic, with disease cases growing by 37% over five days, from 1,309 to 1,801, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).  As Madagascar enters […]

Key steps forward in disease control in Sub-Saharan Africa

The author, Shyama Ghosh, recently completed a detailed study of the disease landscape in Sub-Saharan Africa. Titled “Disease control in Sub-Saharan Africa: Are we doing enough?”, the following is an excerpt.   Amid the many challenges facing Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), there are signs of progress, as well. The RB Group, in India, noting the growth […]