2021 Citation Laureates

Physiology or Medicine

For contributions to our understanding of neuroreceptors and especially the identification of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor and its allosteric properties

Jean-Pierre Changeux

Jean-Pierre Changeux

Professor Emeritus, Collège de France & Institut Pasteur, Paris; International Faculty, Kavli Institute for Brain & Mind, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA

For discovery of Interleukin-6, description of its physiological and pathological actions, that has contributed to drug development

Toshio Hirano

Toshio Hirano

President, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Chiba and Professor Emeritus, Osaka University, Osaka
Tadamitsu Kishimoto

Tadamitsu Kishimoto

Professor, Laboratory of Immune Regulation, WPI Immunology Frontier Research Center, Osaka University, Osaka

For identification and isolation of the Hantaan virus (hantavirus), agent of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome

Karl M. Johnson

Karl M. Johnson

Formerly with Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Adjunct Professor Emeritus, University of New Mexico, NM
Ho Wang Lee

Ho Wang Lee

Professor Emeritus, Korea University, Seoul; Former President & Member, The National Academy of Sciences, Seoul

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