Citation Laureates 2023


In selecting Citation Laureates, our analysts focus on data in the Web of ScienceTM, an online resource reflecting the indexed contents of more than 34,000 scientific journals and other source materials.

Of particular interest for us are authors of extremely highly cited papers (those cited more than 1,000 times in the Web of Science Core CollectionTM ).

Each citation is a mark of influence, a “pellet of peer recognition,” as the late sociologist of science Robert K. Merton observed. He also noted that a citation is a repayment of an intellectual debt, since authors use citations to acknowledge the previous, foundational work on which they are building.

Papers cited more than 1,000 times are rarities.

The table below shows the citation distribution of articles and proceedings papers indexed in the Web of Science from 1970 to 2022.

Citations Number in range Cumulative count
100,000 – 254,085 4 4
50,000 – 99,999 23 27
10,000 – 49,999 429 456
5,000 – 9,999 1,130 1,586
3,000 – 4,999 2,489 4,075
2,000 – 2,999 4,576 8,651
1,000 – 1,999 23,591 32,424
0 – 999 58,174,060 58,206,302

Out of more than
58 million

papers since 1970, only 32,200 (or 0.055
percent) have been cited 1,000 or more
times and only 8,700 (0.015 percent) have
been cited 2,000 or more times.

In seeking Citation Laureates, our analysts refine their search for instances in which this highly cited work is clearly associated with a significant discovery or advance on a scale that the Nobel committees typically reward. Another pointer is provided by “predictor” prizes that often precede Nobel recognition – for example, the Lasker Awards in biomedicine.

Information on receipt of prestigious awards supplements our quantitative, citation-based analysis – an approach unique to Clarivate in identifying Nobel-worthy scientists – with qualitative considerations arising from past peer-review decisions.

Candidates who meet these criteria are officially designated Citation Laureates in identifying considerations arising from past peer-review decisions.

Citation Laureates should not be considered literal predictions for the Nobel Prizes in a specific year. We identify researchers of Nobel class, who are, in the words of sociologist Harriet Zuckerman, “peers of the prize-winners in every sense except that of having the award.”  While not all can possibly become Nobel Laureates, their research achievements, we believe, ought to be highlighted and celebrated.

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