The 2017 Clarivate Citation Laureates

Using Web of Science™ data to identify researchers who might be in line for science’s highest award.

Citation Laureates: A New Class of Nobel-Worthy Scientists

Beginning on October 2nd, in an annual tradition that now stretches back 116 years, the appointed committees will announce the 2017 recipients of science’s highest honor, the Nobel Prize. A handful of researchers will find themselves suddenly confronting worldwide celebrity, as well as status akin to scientific immortality.

Since 2002, Clarivate Analytics Web of Science has underpinned an annual tradition of its own. With its store of publication and citation data – a precise accounting of the world’s most influential research, as judged by scientists and scholars themselves – the Web of Science has pointed to the researchers whose work is worthy of Nobel recognition. These are the Citation Laureates – standouts whose research is clearly “of Nobel Class” according to its significance and utility, as attested by markedly high citation tallies recorded in the Web of Science.

For a complete list of Citation Laureates, please click here.

Citation Laureates Infographic 2017
In anticipation of the impending Nobel Prizes, Clarivate Analytics announces the 2017 additions to the corps of Citation Laureates. (Newest honorees, in the customary fields of Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Economic Sciences, are listed below. See also the summary of the class of 2017 in this infographic.

These latest Citation Laureates join a select group of scientists whose contributions and advances merit a summons from the Nobel committees. Exactly when the call might come, however, or even if it will arrive in time to meet Alfred Nobel’s original stipulation that the prize honor only living recipients, is a matter that defies prediction. A Nobel Prize might reward work that took place decades in the past, and although recent advances are sometimes recognized (for example, the 2004 discovery of graphene, honored by the Physics prize in 2010, or the 2013 Physics prize that promptly followed the experimental work confirming the prediction of the Higgs boson), the wait can be long. Therefore, as always, the debut of this newest group of Citation Laureates should not be taken as a literal prediction of 2017 Nobel recipients.

Nevertheless, the Nobel call has indeed come for a sizable proportion of Citation Laureates. In the last 15 years, 46 of the selected researchers have gone on to receive a Nobel – nine in the same year in which they were tipped by Clarivate Analytics, 18 within two years of the distinction. To see all the correct predictions, please click here

Citations and beyond

Evaluation of potential Citation Laureates begins with the Web of Science and a search for highly cited authors whose work can typically be associated with or more major advances or discoveries. Citations – serving as marks of influence, approbation and intellectual indebtedness on the part of peer scientists – point the way.

To read more about the methodology for selecting Citation Laureates, please click here

Citation LaureatesCitation LaureatesCitation Laureates

As is customary, three selections for possible prizes and winners have been made in each of the following Nobel categories: Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Economics.

Physiology or Medicine
Lewis C. CantleyMeyer Director of the Sandra and Edward Meyer Cancer Center and Professor of Cancer Biology in Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USAFor discovery of the signaling pathway phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and elucidation of its role in tumor growth.
Karl J. FristonProfessor of Imaging Neuroscience and Wellcome Principal Research Fellow, Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London, London, UKFor fundamental contributions to the analysis of brain imaging data, specifically through statistical parametric mapping and voxel-based morphometry.
Yuan ChangAmerican Cancer Society Research Professor, Distinguished Professor of Pathology, and UPMC Endowed Chair in Cancer Virology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USAFor their discovery of the Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpes virus, or human herpesvirus 8 (KSHV/HHV8).
Patrick S. MooreDirector of the Cancer Virology Program, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society Research Professor, Distinguished Professor of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics and the Pittsburgh Foundation Chair in Innovative Cancer Research, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

TABLE 1: 2017 Clarivate Analytics Citation Laureates in Physiology or Medicine


Physics
Phaedon AvourisIBM Fellow and Group Leader for Nanometer Scale Science and Technology, Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USAFor seminal contributions to carbon-based electronics.
Cornelis DekkerDirector of the Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands
Paul McEuenJohn A. Newman Professor of Physical Science, Department of Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
Mitchell J. FeigenbaumToyota Professor, Laboratory of Mathematical Physics, Rockefeller University, New York, NY USAFor pioneering discoveries in nonlinear and chaotic physical systems and for identification of the Feigenbaum Constant.
Rashid A. SunyaevProfessor at the Institute of Physics and Technology in Moscow; Head of the High-Energy Astrophysics Dept. of the Institute for Space Research in Moscow (since 2002; Chief Scientist since 1992); and, Director and Scientific Member at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics in Garching, Germany (since 1996)For his profound contributions to our understanding of the universe, including its origins, galactic formation processes, disk accretion of black holes, and many other cosmological phenomena.

TABLE 2: 2017 Clarivate Analytics Citation Laureates in Physics


Chemistry
John E. BercawCentennial Professor of Chemistry, Emeritus, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Caltech, Pasadena, CA, USAFor critical contributions to C-H functionalization
Robert G. BergmanGerald E.K. Branch Distinguished Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA USA
Georgiy B. Shul’pinSenior Scientific Researcher, N.N. Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Jens NørskovLeland T. Edwards Professor in the School of Engineering and Professor of Photon Science and Senior Fellow at the Precourt Institute for Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USAFor fundamental advances, theoretical and practical, in heterogeneous catalysis on solid surfaces.
Tsutomu MiyasakaProfessor of Photoelectrochemistry, Environment and Energy Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Toin University of Yokohama, Yokohama, JapanFor their discovery and application of perovskite materials to achieve efficient energy conversion.
Nam-Gyu ParkProfessor, School of Chemical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea
Henry J. SnaithProfessor in Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford, Oxford UK

TABLE 3: 2017 Clarivate Analytics Citation Laureates in Chemistry


Economics
Colin F. CamererRobert Kirby Professor of Behavioral Finance and Economics, Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, and Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Center for Social and Decision Neuroscience Leadership Chair, Caltech, Pasadena, CA, USAFor pioneering research in behavorial economics and in neuroeconomics.
George F. LoewensteinHerbert A. Simon University Professor of Economics and Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Robert E. HallRobert and Carole McNeil Joint Hoover Senior Fellow and Professor of Economics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USAFor his analysis of worker productivity and studies of recessions and unemployment.
Michael C. JensenJesse Isidor Straus Professor of Business Administration, Emeritus, Business School, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USAFor their contributions illuminating the dimensions of decisions in corporate finance.
Stewart C. MyersRobert C. Merton (1970) Professor of Financial Economics, Emeritus, Sloan School of Management, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA
Raghuram G. RajanKatherine Dusak Miller Distinguished Service Professor of Finance, Booth School of Business, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

TABLE 4: 2017 Clarivate Analytics Citation Laureates in Economics


Cancer, Chaos, and the Early Universe

As always, the new Citation Laureates represent a range of advances and discoveries. In Physiology or Medicine, for example, Lewis C. Cantley is selected for his discovery of the signaling pathway phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). This work has underpinned the development of new treatments for cancer, diabetes, and autoimmune disease.

Another researcher in Physiology or Medicine, Karl J. Friston, developed statistical techniques for modeling and imaging brain function under various circumstances. This work contributed to theories on the development of schizophrenia.

A third selection in Physiology or Medicine is the husband-and-wife team of Yuan Chang and Patrick S. Moore, for identifying and isolating Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), responsible for the cancer among HIV/AIDS patients. Thanks to antiretroviral therapy, the incidence of the cancer is much lower. Yuan and Chang also identified the viral causes of three other cancers.

In Physics, a trio of researchers has been selected for advances in carbon-based electronics. The work of Phaedon Avouris, Cornelis Dekker, and Paul McEuen centers on the fabrication of a variety of nanostructures, including carbon nanotubes, which have found application in electronics and other areas.

Another Physics selection, Mitchell J. Feigenbaum, is honored for his pioneering work in the science of “chaos” and the erratic behavior of complex dynamic systems. His work on the mathematics commonly underlying these systems gave rise to a universal figure that now bears his name, the Feigenbaum Constant.

Rounding out the Citation Laureates in Physics is Rashid A. Sunyaev, for his work on the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation left over from the Big Bang. Sunyaev’s predictions of slight fluctuations in the CMB were later confirmed by satellite observation, and his work contributed much to knowledge of galaxy formation and other aspects of the early universe.

Catalysis, Energy, and Risky Business

In Chemistry, John E. Bercaw, Robert G. Bergman, and Georgiy B. Shul’pin are selected for their research on carbon-hydrogen (C-H) functionalization, a very active area of chemical research that is expected to generate new methods for synthesis.

Another chemist, Jens Nørskov, wins distinction for his work on heterogeneous catalysis, a fundamental operation in the chemical industry. In particular, Norskov’s work has centered on developing sustainable and energy-efficient means of catalysis that are environmentally friendly.

Also in chemistry, three researchers – Tsutomu Miyasaka, Nam-Gyu Park, and Henry J. Snaith – are chosen for discovery and application in the mineral perovskite, for the fabrication of high-efficiency solar energy cells, now an intensive area of research.

In the category of Economics, Colin F. Camerer and George F. Loewenstein are selected for their research at the intersection of neuroscience, psychology, and economics. Their work centers on the behavioral aspects of economics – studying, for example, why people undertake risky investment gambles, why markets are prone to price “bubbles,” and the like.

Robert E. Hall has studied a variety of topics in microeconomics, notably the labor market during recessions. His recent work, for example, has shown that during a recession in today’s economy, unemployment does not increase because of a sudden glut of layoffs. Rather, it rises because job-seekers take much longer to find new jobs.

In the final selection for Economics, Michael C. Jensen, Stewart C. Myers, Raghuram G. Rajan are called out for their studies of the complex factors that influence individuals and organizations in decision making, particularly as it pertains to corporate finance.

We congratulate the newest Citation Laureates on their achievements and on the measureable esteem they have earned among their peers. May they enjoy a very purposeful visit to Sweden in the near future.