Ultimate Research Performance at the European Championship
PORTUGAL vs FRANCE
The Euro 2016 tournament may have ended with Portugal victorious, but there’s a bit more competition to play out in the realm of research performance. First, let’s look at each of the two finalists’ recent scientific output trends. Over the past 35 years (1980-2015), Portugal has produced more than 221,000 publications, whereas France has accounted for more than 2.2 million. Portuguese researchers’ top journal choices include Plos One, European Heart Journal and Physical Review D, while French researchers have published the most in Physics Letters B, Presse Medicale and Astronomy & Astrophysics.
In terms of scientific publishing in Gold open access journals, Portugal has published more than 12,000 papers, whereas France has published more than 65,000 papers since 2000. Portuguese researchers’ top Gold open access journal choices include Plos One, Acta Medica Portuguesa and Haematologica journals while French researchers have favored Plos One, Optics Express and Nucleic Acids Research.
Let’s see now the strengths and opportunities of both countries in the areas they publish the most. For this exercise, we will use the Category Normalized Citation Impact (CNCI). If CNCI exceeds 1.00, the country is performing above the world average. A score of less than 1.00 indicates performance below the world average.
The top three research areas in which Portuguese researchers publish the most are Engineering, Electrical & Engineering, followed by Biochemistry & Molecular Biology and Materials Science, Multidisciplinary. In all of the top five research areas that Portuguese researchers have published, over the past 35+ years, Portugal is performing above the world average, with the exception of the top fourth field; Chemistry, Physical, in which Portuguese researchers perform just below the world average.
The top three research areas in which French researchers have published a significant number of papers are Biochemistry & Molecular Biology followed by Engineering, Electrical & Engineering and Materials Science, Multidisciplinary. In all the above areas, France is performing above the world average. In all of the top four research areas that French researchers have published over the past 35+ years, France is performing above the world average. In the top fifth field (Physics, Applied) French researchers perform at a level matching the world average.
Both countries also have strong track records in terms of research output and performing well across various scientific disciplines, so it is interesting to compare their performance in terms of their output of Highly Cited Papers. A Highly Cited Paper is a measure of excellence and can show what percentage of an institution’s output is among the most impactful in the world.
Since 2006, Portugal has published 1,244 Highly Cited Papers while France has published 10,143.
The top three Essential Science Indicators (ESI) research fields in which Portuguese researchers have published the most Highly Cited Papers are Physics followed by Clinical Medicine and Engineering. French researchers have published the most Highly Cited Papers in Clinical Medicine followed by Physics and Plant & Animal Science.
Let’s see the countries with which Portugal and France have collaborated most frequently when authoring Highly Cited Papers over the past 10 years. Since 2006, Portugal’s top three country collaborations are Spain (co-authoring 425 Highly Cited Papers with Spain-based institutions), followed by the USA (549 Highly Cited Papers) and the United Kingdom (510 Highly Cited Papers).
Over the same period, France’s top three country collaborations include the USA (co-authoring 4,692 Highly Cited Papers with USA- affiliated institutions), followed by Germany (3,206 Highly Cited Papers) and the United Kingdom (3,385).
Thanks for following our analysis of the Euros here on the blog. We hope you enjoyed this series!
Did you miss any of our EuroInCites posts? Catch up now:
International Collaboration at the European Championship
Measuring Research Impact at the European Championship
International Co Authors at the European Championship
Scorecard of the European Championship
Scientific Productivity at the European Championship
Measuring Research Output at the European Championship
Identifying Research Areas at the European Championship